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Close contacts between Japan and the rest of the world were created in the twentieth century. In the last forty years, business contacts between Japan and the West have become very important. Many foreign companies now have offices in Japan and Japanese businessmen do business around the worl d. Differences between Japanese and Western ways of doing business, however, often bewilder foreign businessmen and make doing business in Japan difficult for foreigners.
The American businessman, for example, wants to start talking business immediately. He does not want to wait. The Japanese businessman, on the other hand, likes to arrive at decisions after giving them serious thought. Another thing foreign businessmen have difficulty in understanding is when a Japanese means “Yes” or “No”. This is because of cultural differences between Japanese and Western society(社会), Which make it difficult for a Japanese to say “No” directly.
In the USA, it is easy to say “No” to something one does not want to do. But in Japan, it is very difficult to say “No”. To refuse an invitation or a request(请求) with “No” is felt to be impolite. It is thought to be selfish and unfriendly. So instead of saying “No” directly, the Japanese have developed many ways to avoid(避免) saying “No”. These can help them avoid hurting other people’s feelings. However, this often makes their ways of doing business rather difficult for foreigners to understand and follow.
37. What often makes foreigners feel difficult to do business in Japan?
A. Their different ways of doing business.
B. Their different lifestyles.
C. The fact that the Japanese never say “No”.
D. The fact that the Japanese are slow to take action.
3 8. Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the underlined expression “bewilder foreign businessmen” in Paragraph One?
A. cause foreign businessmen to change their minds.
B. give a feeling of surprise to foreign businessmen.
C. attract foreign businessmen’s attention.
D. make foreign businessmen think wrongly.
39. What fact does the passage lead you to believe?
A. American businessmen do things more slowly than Japanese ones.
B. American businessmen like to say “Yes” and “No”.
C. Americans usually say what they are thinking.
D. Americans do not say what they think or feel clearly.
40. From the passage we can infer(推断) that __________.
A. Japanese businessmen are good at business
B. foreign businessmen should try to know Japanese ways of doing business
C. foreign businessmen must be more polite
D. you must learn from Japanese businessmen if you want to succeed
37. A 细节理解题。根据第一段最后一句中的Differences between Japanese and Western ways of doing business, however, often bewilder foreign businessmen and make doing business in Japan difficult for foreigners.可知是存在于日本和西方之间的不同的做生意的方式使得做生意有些困难，故答案选A。
39. C细节理解题。根据第三段第一句In the USA, it is easy to say “No” to something one does not want to do“在美国，很容易对不想做的事情说‘不’”可推知美国人怎么想就怎么说，故答案选C。
There was a man who had a little son. He loved him very much. Every day after work the man would come home and play with the little boy.
When the man came home from work one night, he found that he had some extra work to do. And he wasn't able to play with his little son. He wanted to give the boy something to keep him busy. So, looking around his study, he saw a magazine with a large map of the world on the cover. He got an idea. He patiently tore the map up into pieces. Then he led his son into the dining room and spread the pieces on the table. He explained to the boy that it was a map of the world. He told the boy to put it back together and they could play together when he finished. Surely this could keep the child busy for hours, he thought.
After about thirty minutes, the boy came to the man and said, “ Okay, it's finished, Dad. Can we play now?”
The man was surprised, saying, “ That's amazing! How did you do that?” The boy said, “ It was easy. On the back of the page was a picture of a man. When I put the man together, the whole world appeared completely. ”
34. Why couldn't the man play with his son that night?
A. He had to read a magazine. B. He had some extra work to do.
C. He had to learn something about a map. D. He had to stay at his office for extra work.
35. What did the man ask his son to do?
A. To read the magazine to find the map.
B. To tear the map of the world cup into pieces.
C. To put the pieces of the map of the world back together.
D. To clean the dining room first, and then read the map of the world.
36. How long did it take the boy to finish the work?
A. A few hours. B. About an hour C. About half an hour. D. The whole night.
37. Which of the following is TRUE about the passage?
A. It's a report about a father's extra work.
B. It's a story between a father and his clever son.
C. It's an advertisement for the map of the world.
D. It's a poster about how to deal with parents' problems.
34. B【解析】细节理解题。由第二段第一句“...he had some extra work to do”可知。
35. C【解析】细节理解题。由第二段倒数第二句“...put it back together...”可知。
36. C【解析】细节理解题。由第三段第一句“After about thirty minutes,...”可知。