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大学英语四级翻译模拟题

学习啦【翻译】 编辑:世芳 发布时间:2017-07-07 18:35:32

  大学英语四级翻译是一大难点,同时也体现了对英语综合能力的更高要求。下面是学习啦小编为大家整理的大学英语四级翻译模拟题,供大家分享。

  大学英语四级翻译模拟题:年画

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  中国人在庆祝传统新年时,有贴年画(New Year pictures)的习俗。这在宋朝的史料中有所记载。广大农村尤其流行这个习俗。在新年来临之际每个家庭都忙于往门、窗户和墙上贴彩色的年画或剪纸(paper-cut)。传统的年画是用简单清晰的线条和明亮的色彩描绘出繁荣的景象。年画表达的主题范围很广,但所有年画传递的信息一直都是好运、节日气息或人们希望的其他好事情。

  参考翻译:

  Chinese people have the custom of sticking up NewYear pictures to celebrate the traditional New Year.This can be traced in the historical records of theSong Dynasty. The custom is particularly popular inthe vast countryside. Upon the coming of the NewYear, every household will be busy pasting colorful New Year pictures or paper-cuts on theirdoors, windows and walls. Traditional New Year pictures are characterized by scenes ofprosperity depicted in simple, clear lines and brilliant colors. The themes expressed in NewYear pictures cover a wide range, but the messages all pictures convey are always good luck,festival atmosphere or other nice things in the wish of the people.

  1.中国人在庆祝传统新年时,有贴年画的习俗:本句主语是“中国人”,可用Chinese people来表示。谓语部分是“有贴年画的习俗”,其中“有…的习俗”可译为have the customof..., “贴年画”可译为stick up New Year pictures。

  2.这在宋朝的史料中有所记栽:该句可译为被动句This canbe traced in the historical records of the SongDynasty。其中谓语为be traced,“史料”可译为 historicalrecords。

  3.在新年来临之际,每个家庭都忙于往门、窗户和墙上贴彩色的年画或剪纸:“在新年来临之际”可译为Uponthe coming of the New Year。“每个家庭”可译为every household。“忙于..."可译为be busy in doingsth.或be occupied with...。

  大学英语四级翻译模拟题:舞狮

  舞狮(lion dance)是一种由一人或两人身披狮型服装(lioncostume)进行表演的民间表演艺术。据记载,舞狮有两千多年的悠久历史,在唐朝时被引入皇室,成为皇室的娱乐项目。舞狮最注重的是技巧,舞狮者要以夸张的方式模仿狮子的各种表情和动作。经过几千年的发展,舞狮已经在各地形成了不同的表演特色。在中国的传统风俗中,狮子是一种可以去除灾难、带来幸运的吉祥物(mascot)。因此,每逢节日或隆重的庆典,人们都以舞狮来营造欢乐和热闹的气氛。

  参考译文:

  Lion dance is a folk performing art performed by oneor two persons in lion costumes. According torecords, the dance, with a long history of more than2,000 years, was introduced to the royal family as aform of entertainment during Tang Dynasty. Skill isgiven top priority in performing the lion dance and performers are required to imitate variousexpressions and movements of lions in an exaggerated way. After thousands years ofdevelopment, diverse performing characteristics in different regions have been formed. In thetraditional Chinese custom the lion is regarded as a mascot that wards off misfortunes andbrings good luck. Therefore, during festivals and grand ceremonies, people would perform liondance to create a happy and exciting atmosphere.

  1.第一句较长,可先提炼其“舞狮是一种民间表演艺术”,译为Lion dance is a folk performing art;“由一人或两人身披狮型服装进行表演的”可译为过去分词短语作定语。

  2.第二句可将“舞狮在唐朝时被引入皇室,成为皇室的娱乐项目”处理为主句。“有两千多年的悠久历史”可译为with a longhistory of...,作为插入语,放在主语之后。

  3.第三句“舞狮最注重的是…”包含两短句,使用and连接的并列结构;翻译时可采用被动语态,即skill is giventop priority in...and performers are required to...。

  4.倒数第二句中“狮子是一种…”,隐含狮子在人们心中的形象,译为is regarded as...比译成is,表达更加地道。

  大学英语四级翻译模拟题:功夫茶

  功夫茶(Gongfu tea)不是一种茶叶或茶的名字,而是一种冲泡的手艺。人们叫它功夫茶,足因为这种泡茶方式十分讲究:它的操作过程需要一定的技术,以及泡茶和品茶的知识和技能。功夫茶起源于宋朝,在广东的潮州府(今潮汕地区)一带最为盛行,后来在全国各地流行。功夫茶以浓度(concentration)高著称。制作功夫茶主要使用的茶叶足乌龙茶(Oolongtea),因为它能满足功夫茶色、香、味的要求。

  参考译文:Gongfu tea

  Gongfu tea is not one kind of tea or the name of tea,but a skill of making tea.People call it Gongfu tea for the reason of its exquisite process. The operational procedures require certain techniques, knowledge and skill of brewing and tasting tea. Gongfu tea originated in the Song Dynasty and prevailed mostly in Chaozhou Guangdong Province(Now: Chaoshan Area). It later became popular around the nation. Gongfu tea is famous for its high concentration. Oolong tea is mainly used in making the Gongfu tea because it can meet the requirements of color, flavor and taste of the Gongfu tea.


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