学习啦——考试网 > 外语类 > 英语六级 > 翻译 > 《英语四级翻译模拟练习附译文》正文

英语四级翻译模拟练习附译文

学习啦【翻译】 编辑:世芳 发布时间:2017-07-07 18:32:05

  英语翻译题是教师在教学中会经常布置的题目,同时,英语翻译题四六级试题中的一个重要部分。下面是学习啦小编为大家整理的英语四级翻译模拟练习附译文,供大家分享。

  英语四级翻译模拟练习附译文:九寨奇景

  据说如果地球上真有人间仙境,九寨沟(Jiuzhaigou Valley)—定是其中之一。它有梦境般的风景:蓝色的湖泊、瀑布、翠绿的森林、白雪皑皑的山脉,还有藏族和羌族人民(the Tibetan and Qiang peoples)的民间习俗。九寨沟不仅仅有壮观的景色,还是九个藏族村寨的居住地,还有超过220种鸟类以及许多濒临灭绝的动植物物种。它在1992年被联合国教科文组织宣布为世界文化遗产。九寨沟一年四季的美景使它成为中国最著名的景点之一。

  参考译文:

  It is said that if there should be wonderlands on the earth, Jiuzhaigou Valley must be one of them. It has dreamlike scenery, which combines blue lakes,waterfalls, verdant forests, snow-covered mountains, and the folk customs of the Tibetan and Qiang peoples. More than just spectacular scenery, Jiuzhaigou Valley is home to nine Tibetan villages, over 220 bird species as well as a number of endangered plant and animal species. Jiuzhaigou Valley was declared a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site in 1992. It provides spectacular scenery throughout four seasons of the year, making it one of China's most well-known scenic sites.

  词句点拨

  1.据说如果地球上真有人间仙境,九寨沟一定是其中之一:该句前半句的“如果…”可判断出它表示与现在的事实相反,所以要用现在时的虚拟语气,即should+do的形式。其中“人间仙境”可译为wonderlands on the earth。

  2.九寨沟不仅仅有壮观的景色,还是九个藏族村寨的居住地,还有超过220种鸟类以及许多濒临灭绝的动植物物种:其中“不仅仅有”可译为more than,是“超过,多于”的意思。“…的居住地”可以理解为“是…的故乡”,故可用be home to…表示,这是英语中常见的表达方式,如:China is home to the panda.(中国是熊猫的故乡。)

  3.九寨沟一年四季的美景使它成为中国最著名的景点之一:“一年四季的美景”可以翻译为所有格的形式,但译为it provides spectacular scenery throughout four seasons of the year,会使译文增色不少。后半句部分因前半句出现了谓语动词provide,所以可用making it…来引导后半句,作句子的伴随状语。

  英语四级翻译模拟练习附译文:中国画

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  国画是中国文化遗产的重要组成部分。不同于西方画,它是用毛笔(Chinese brush)和墨汁在宣纸(xuan paper)上作画的。精通这门艺术需要不断重复的练习, 需要控制好毛笔,需要对宣纸和墨汁有一定的认识。绘画前,画家必须在脑海里有一个草图并根据他的想象力和经验进行绘画。许多中国画家既是诗人,又是书法家。他们经常会在自己的画上亲手添加诗作。

  参考翻译:

  Chinese painting is an important part of thecountry's cultural heritage. It distinguishes itselffrom Western painting in that it is drawn on xuanpaper with the Chinese brush and Chinese ink. Toattain proficiency in this art, it is necessary to havea good control of the brush, and certain knowledge of xuan paper and Chinese ink besidesrepeated exercises.Before painting, the painter must have a draft in his mind and drawaccording to his imagination and experience.Many a Chinese painter is at the same time a poetand calligrapher who often adds a poem with his own hand on the painting.

  1.不同于西方画,它是用毛笔和墨汁在宣纸上作画的:“不同于”可译为distinguish oneself from sth.,也可用bedifferent from 表示。“毛笔和墨汁”可译为the Chinesebrush and Chinese ink,此处可同用一个冠词表示整体;“用”可用介词with,表示方式。

  2.精通这门艺术需要不断重复的练习,需要控制好毛笔,需要对宣纸和墨汁有一定的认识:“精通这门艺术”可译为toattain proficiency in this art,attain意为“获得、获取”,proficiency意为“精通、熟练”。“需要控制好毛笔,需要对宣纸和墨汁有一定的认识”,该句可理解为“控制好毛笔和认识宣纸、墨汁也是必要的”。

  英语四级翻译模拟练习附译文:昆曲

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  昆曲(Kunqu Opera)源于江苏昆山地区,至今已有600多年的历史,它是中国戏曲最古老的存在形式之一。昆曲有一个完整的表演体系并且有自己独特的腔调。昆曲在明朝初期得到发展。从16到18世纪,它一直主宰着中国戏曲。此外,昆曲还影响了许多其他的中国戏曲形式。今天,昆曲依然在中国的一些大城市被进行表演,受到了许多人的喜爱。

  参考翻译:

  Kunqu Opera originated in the Kunshan region of Jiangsu. It is one of the oldest existing forms of Chinese operas with a history of more than 600 years. Kunqu Opera has a complete system of acting characterized by its own distinctive tunes. During the early Ming Dynasty, Kunqu Opera got developed and it dominated Chinese theatre from the 16th to the 18th century. In addition, Kunqu Opera has influenced many other Chinese theatre forms. Today, Kunqu Opera is still played in some major cities of China and enjoys a popularity among many people.

  1.至今已有600多年的历史:“已有600多年的历史”可译为with a history of more than 600 years,其中with ahistory of意表示“有...的历史”,more than表示“多于,超过”。

  2.昆曲在明朝初期得到发展:“发展”可译为develop,常用的短语有develop into, 意为“发展成为”。“明朝初期”可译为theearly Ming Dynasty,而“明朝末期”可译为the late MingDynasty。

  3.此外,昆曲还影响了许多其他的中国戏曲形式:“此外”可译为in addition。“影响”可译为influence,也可译为have the influence of。


猜你喜欢:

1.英语四级翻译练习附答案

2.英语四级翻译模拟练习:郑成功

3.大学英语四级翻译模拟训练及答案

4.四级翻译训练附答案和讲解

5.大学英语四级翻译训练题附答案解析

Copyright @ 2006 - 2017 学习啦 All Rights Reserved

学习啦 版权所有 粤ICP备15032933号-1

回到顶部