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2017年6月大学英语六级翻译练习题附答案

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  2017年6月大学英语六级即将来临,考试需要抓紧时间做练习题。今天,学习啦小编精心整理了2017年6月大学英语六级翻译练习题,以供考生复习。

  2017年6月大学英语六级翻译练习题(一):古代神话

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  尽管中国古代神话(mythology)没有十分完整的情节,神话人物也没有系统的家谱(genealogy),但它们却有着鲜明的东方文化特色,其中尤为显著的是它的尚德精神(the spirit of esteeming virtue)。这种尚德精神在与西方神话特别是希腊神话比较时,显得更加突出。在西方神话尤其是希腊神话中,对神的褒贬标准多以智慧、力量为准则,而中国古代神话对神的褒贬则多以道德为准绳。这种思维方式深植于中国的文化之中。几千年来,这种尚德精神影响着人们对历史人物的品评与现实人物的期望。

  参考译文:

  Although ancient Chinese mythology does not have relatively complete plot and mythological figures don't have systematic genealogy, they have distinct features of oriental culture, among which the spirit of esteeming virtue is particularly significant.When compared with Western mythology, especially Greek mythology, this spirit of esteeming virtue is even more prominent.In Western mythology, especially Greek mythology,the criteria for judging whether a god is good or not are mostly the god's wisdom and strength,while in ancient Chinese mythology, the criterion lies in morality. This way of thinking is deeply rooted in Chinese culture.For thousands of years, this spirit of esteeming virtue has affected people's comments on historical figures and expectations of real people.

  词句点拨

  1.神话人物:可译为mythological figures。

  2.系统的家谱:可译为systematic genealogy。其中systematic意为系统的,是system的形容词形式。

  3.其中尤为显著的是它的尚德精神:将此句译为定语从句among which the spirit of esteeming virtue is particularly significant,承接前一句,可以使译文结构更加紧凑,逻辑更加清晰。

  2017年6月大学英语六级翻译练习题(二):思乡

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  思乡(homesickness)是中国人的一个永恒的话题。从古至今,无论男女,家是他们永久的港湾,思乡是他们不老的情结(complex)。正是这样的情结成为中国历代文人重要的创作题材,并以各种方式,从各种角度加以体现。是故乡,唤起了他们心灵深处最美好的回忆,在对故乡的思念中,他们又仿佛回到了那单纯无邪的童年时代,回到了母亲的怀抱,身心的创伤得到了暂时的平复,精神的空虚得到了刹那的充实,故乡成了他们终极的归宿地(ultimate destination)。

  参考译文:

  Homesickness is an eternal topic for Chinese people.Since ancient times, home has been a permanent harbor for both men and women, and homesickness is their ever-young complex.It is such kind of complex that becomes the important theme of Chinese literati in all dynasties; they expressed this theme in various ways and form various angles.It is home that arouses the best memories in their hearts.Thanks to those memories, they feel like going back to the pure and innocent childhood and returning to mothers arms.The wounds in body and mind will get healed temporarily and spiritual emptiness will be enriched for a while.Home has become their ultimate destination.

  词句点拨

  1.思乡:可译为homesickness,其形容词形式为homesick。

  2.不老的情结:可译为ever-young complex,其中“不老的”译为ever-young,意为 “永远年轻的”。

  3.以各种方式,从各种角度加以体现:译文以人作主语,把句式从被动变为主动,并用分号将两个分句连在一起。文中翻译为the they expressed this theme in various ways and from various angles。

  4.是故乡,唤起了…:此处可用It is...that...的强调句形式。“唤起”译为arouse或bring out。

  5.回到了…回到了…:可分别译为go back to和return to,以避免重复,从而体现用词的多样性。

  6.身心的创伤得到了暂时的平复:可译为The wounds in body and mind will get healed temporarily。其中“身心的创伤”译为 the wounds in body and mind, “得到平复”译为get healed。

  2017年6月大学英语六级翻译练习题(三):丁克家庭

  丁克家庭

  中国有一句俗语叫做“不孝有三,无后为大”。但现在,很多时尚的年轻夫妇选择不生育孩子的生活方式,组建了丁克家庭。很多夫妻担心无法给孩子提供优越的生活条件,选择成为丁克家庭。现在,孩子的教育费用比过去高很多。在大城市,送孩子上好一点的幼儿园要花费巨资,重点中小学的学费更高。还有一些夫妻成为丁克家庭是迫不得已。当他们做好准备生育孩子时,已经错过了最佳生育年龄。

  译文:

  A popular saying has it that “There are three forms of unfilial conduct, of which the worst is to have no descendants.”But now, it is quite fashionable for many young couples to choose a lifestyle without kids and organize the DINK family. Some couples who choose DINK family are fearful that they cannot provide favourable living conditions for children. Nowadays, the cost of educating a child is much higher than that of the past. In a big city, to send a child to a better kindergarten takes a large amount of money and the key primary or secondary schools are even more expensive. Some couples who have chosen DINK family are obliged to do so. When they make preparations for having a baby, it is a pity that they have missed the most fertile years.

  翻译词汇:

  不孝有三,无后为大。There are three forms of unfilial conduct, of which the worst is to have no descendants.

  时尚的 fashionable

  生活方式 lifestyle

  丁克家庭 DINK family

  担心 fearful

  优越的 favourable

  重点中小学 the key primary or secondary school

  迫不得已 be obliged to do sth.

  做好准备 make preparations for


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