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2017年英语六级翻译练习题含答案

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  想要在英语六级翻译题里获得好成绩,做练习题是必要的。今天,学习啦小编为大家整理了2017年英语六级翻译练习题,以供参考。

  2017年英语六级翻译练习题(一):中国的货币

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  中国是世界上最早使用货币(currency)的国家之一。中国古代使用的主要货币类型是铜钱(coppercoin)。从秦朝统一各国到清朝末期,圆形方孔的硬币取代了所有先秦货币,成为中国货币的主要形式。然而,各个朝代使用的货币体系不尽相同。纸币(banknote)最早出现于宋朝,元、明、淸时期广泛使用。货币与每个历史时期的社会、经济和政治制度密切相关。从汉唐时期起,中国的铜钱和纸币开始被各个邻国复制。大约同期,外币流人中国,刺激了国际商业经济的发展。

  参考翻译:

  China was one of the world's pioneers in usingcurrency.Copper coin was the main type of currencyused in ancient China.Round coins with square holesreplaced all pre-Qin currencies and became thedominant form of Chinese currency from theunification of China in the Qin Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty.However,variousmonetary systems were used throughout the dynasties.Banknote first emerged in the SongDynasty,and was widely circulated in the Yuan,Ming and Qing Dynasties.Currencies developedclosely with the social,economic and political systems in each historical period.Since the Hanand Tang Dynasties,Chinese copper coins and banknote began to be copied by variousneighboring states.About the same time,foreign currencies flowed into China,stimulating thedevelopment of an international commercial economy.

  1.中国古代使用的主要货币类型是铜钱:该句的主干是“主要货币类型是铜钱”。翻译时,可把“中国古代使用的”译为过去分词短语,作后罝定语。故该句译为Cooper coin was themain type of currency used in ancient China.

  2.圆形方孔的硬币取代了所有先秦钱币:其中“圆形方孔”可译为round coins with square holes,故该句整体译为Roundcoins with square holes replaced all pre-Qincurrencies。

  3.中国钱币的主要形式:其中“主要的”可用dominant表达,故该处整体译为the dominant form ofChinese currency。

  4.出现:可译为emerge或appear,turn up,arise等。

  5.广泛使用:即“广泛地流通”。该处翻译时应使用被动语态,译为was widely circulated。

  6.大约同期:可译为About the same time。

  2017年英语六级翻译练习题(二):中国经济的发展

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  中国自20世纪70年代实行改革开放政策以来,经济一直以惊人的速度发展。粮食、肉类、钢等工农业产品的产量一直在显著增长;原子能(atomic energy)、计算机技术、航空航天(aviation and aerospace)技术等方面也已经达到世界先进水平。预计到21世纪中叶,中国将基本实现现代化,达到中等发达国家的水平。目前,中国经济发展水平的地区差异较大,东部沿海地区比较发达,而西部地区相对不那么发达。中国正在进行西部大开发(Western Development Strategy),以缩小各地区的经济发展差异。

  参考翻译:

  Since China implemented the reform and opening-up policy in the 1970s,its economy has keptdeveloping at a remarkably high speed. The outputof the industrial and agricultural products, such asgrain, meat and steel etc., has been growingmarkedly. And the technologies of atomic energy, computer, aviation and aerospace havereached the world advanced level. It is predicted that China will basically realizemodernization and reach the level of the medium-developed countries by the middle of the21st centuiy. Currently, China's economic level varies widely among regions. The areas alongthe east coast in China are fairly developed, while those in the west are comparativelyunderdeveloped. Due to this, China is carrying out the Western Development Strategy so as tonarrow down the economic gaps between different regions.

  1.改革开放政策:可译为the reform and opening-up policy。

  2.以惊人的速度:可译为at a remarkably high speed。

  3.达到世界先进水平:可译为reach the world advanced level。

  4.预计:可使用It is predicted that…结构表达。

  5.基本实现现代化:可译为basically realize modernization。

  6.中等发达国家:其中“中等发达”可译为medium-developed,故该处译为medium-developed country。

  7.东部沿海地区:可译为areas along the east coast。

  8.以缩小各地区的经济发展差弃:其中“缩小”可用narrow down来表达,故该句可译为so as to narrow down the economic gaps between different regions。其中so as to意为“以便,以使”。

  2017年英语六级翻译练习题(三):环境与工业化

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  中国是发展中国家中的大国,其工业化正在快速发展,环境问题也变得日益严峻,因此环境保护被国家视为一项基本国策。近年来,国家采取了很多措施来加强环境治理,如建立了世界著名的生态工程“三北防护林工程"(the Three-NorthShelter Forest Program)。此外,中国也在大力发展自然保护区,颁布了《环境保护法》(The law on Environmental Protection),加强环保意识和环保教育。目前,环境治理已取得明显成效,大部分城市环境和农业生态环境得到了很大改善,工业污染防治能力也大大提高。

  参考翻译:

  China is a major developing country undergoingrapid industrialization. The environmental problemin China is getting more and more serious, thusenvironmental protection has been taken as one ofthe basic national policies by the government. Inrecent years, the government has taken lots of measures to improve the environmentgovernance, such as carrying out the world famous ecological project“the Three-North ShelterForest Program”.Moreover, China has been greatly developing the natural reserves.“The Law onEnvironmental Protection”has been issued to strengthen the awareness and education ofenvironmental protection. Now, distinct achievements have been gained in environmentalgovernance.The environment in most cities and the agricultural ecological environmentaround the country have been greatly improved.The capability of preventing and controllingindustrial pollution has been highly enhanced.

  1.发展中国家中的大国:可译为a major developingcountry。

  2.变得日益严峻:可译为is getting more and moreserious或is getting increasingly serious。

  3.三北防护林工程:即the Three-North Shelter ForestProgram。

  4.自然保护区:译为natural reserves。

  5.颁布了《环境保护法》:《环境保护法》即“The Law on Environmental Protection'“颁布”可用issue—词表达。

  6.环境治理已取得明显成效:翻译该句时可使用被动语态,译为distinct achievements have been gainedin environmental governance。

  2017年英语六级翻译练习题(四):中国矿产资源

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  中国矿产资源丰富,已探明的矿藏种类约有170多种,其中有些矿产只产于中国。中国石油、天然气资源非常丰富。陆上油田(onshore oilfield)分布在东北、华北、西北等地,如大庆、胜利、辽河油田等。中国的铁矿储量(iron orereserves) 约有500亿吨,是世界上几个少有的铁矿储备丰富的国家之一。中国的有色金属(nonferrous metals)储量丰富,品种繁多,有“有色金属王国”之称。实际上,从矿产资源总量上来计算,中国是资源大国。但是因为中国人口众多,人均资源占有量不及世界平均水平的一半。

  参考翻译:

  China is rich in mineral resources.The types of theconfirmed minerals are approximately more than170 and some types of the minerals can only befound in China.China is abundant in oil and naturalgas.Onshore oilfields are distributed in Northeast,North and Northwest China etc.,such as Daqing, Shengli and Liaohe oilfields.There are about 50billion tons of iron ore reserves in China, which makes China be one of the few countries withwealthy iron ore resources.China is rich in nonferrous metals of great variety, which enjoys areputation as“the Kingdom of Nonferrous Metals”.In feet, China is a country with rich resourcesin terms of total ore reserves.But,because of the large population, the reserve per capita isless than half of the world average level.

  1.矿产资源丰富:可译为be rich in mineral resources。

  2.己探明的矿藏:可译为the confirmed minerals。

  3.只产于中国:可译为be only found in China。

  4.铁矿储量:可译为iron ore reserves。

  5.有色金属王国:可译为Kingdom of Nonferrous Metals。

  6.不及世界平均水平的一半:可译为less than half of theworld average level。“平均水平”译为average level。


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