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2017年大学英语六级翻译练习题带答案

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  做练习题是复习大学英语六级翻译的最好方法。今天,学习啦小编为大家整理了2017年大学英语六级翻译练习题,以供参考。

  2017年大学英语六级翻译练习题(一):丽江古城

  丽江古城位于云南省西北部,是纳西族聚居的地方。它建于宋代(the Song Dynasty),距今已有800年的历史,其原貌得以保存完整。自古以来,古城就是远近闻名的集市。它是中国历史文化名城中唯一没有城墙的古城。古城里的建筑深受纳西、白、藏(Tibetan)、汉四个民族建筑艺术的影响,充满了浓厚的中华文化气息。1997年,丽江被列入世界文化遗产名录(World Heritage Sites)。

  参考答案:

  Located in the northwest of Yunnan Province, theancient town of Lijiang is home to the Naxi ethnicminority. It was built 800 years ago in the SongDynasty and its original look has been kept intact.It has been a very well-known market since theancient times. Among all the famous histories andcultural cities and towns in China, it is the only one built without walls, The architecture of Lijingis deeply influenced by the arts of building of four nationalities, namely Naxi, Tibetan, and Han,and is of rich flavor of Chinese culture. In 1997, it was listed into the World Heritage.

  1.第1句“面江古城位于……,是……的地方”可用并列结构译为the ancient town of Lijiang is located in... and ishome to...,但这样处理稍显生硬,不如将前半句处理成地点状语,用过去分词短语located in...来表达,主句为theancient town of Lijiang is home to...,译文主次分明、结构紧凑。

  2.第2句中有3个动词“建于”、“距今有”和“得以保存”,可按原文结构译出:it was built in... and has ahistory of.., and its original look has been kept intact。但仔细分析可发现,第1、2分句关系较紧密,可以用介词in将这两个分句连接起来,译作It was built 800 years ago in the Song Dynasty。第3个分句用并列结构and its original look...来表达。

  3.第4句中的“中国历史文化名城中”是地点状语,翻译“在……中唯一……”这种句式时,一般会把状语“在 ……中”放于句首,表达为Among..., it is the only...。定语“没有城墙的”后置,可用定语从句which has nowalls来表达,亦可用介词短语without walls来表达,但都不如译文中增译built—词好,增译built更能确切地表达“建城时就没有城墙”的意义。

  4.在翻译倒数第2句中的纳西、白、藏、汉四个民族”时,先译出其总括词four nationalities,再用namely或i.e.引出具体内容。

  2017年大学英语六级翻译练习题(二):东岳泰山

  泰山称东岳,以“五岳独尊”的盛名享誉古今。按照“五行学说”,东方属木,主生发,有生命之源、万物之本的含义。这就是古代帝王通常在自己登基或晚年时到泰山封禅祭拜的原因。泰山拔地通天,气势磅礴,汉语又有“稳如泰山”、“重于泰山”之说。1987年,联合国教科文组织将泰山列为世界自然与文化遗产。

  译文参考:

  Mount Tai, called “East Yue”, has a great reputation for the most important mountain of the Five Holy Mountains. According to the theory of five elements, the East belongs to mu, which means liveliness. Therefore, the East is a place where nature regulated and adjusted its procedures. This explains why important emperors made pilgrimages mostly to Mount Tai when they were crowned or in their later years. It is a symbol of loftiness and might, hence, there are the Chinese idioms: “as firm as Mount Tai” and “as weighty as Mount Tai”. Mount Tai was proclaimed world natural and cultural heritage by UNESCO in 1987.

  技巧点拨:

  泰山 Mount Tai

  东岳 East Yue

  五岳独尊 the most important mountain of the Five Holy Mountains

  享誉 have a great reputation

  五行学说 the theory of five elements

  生发 liveliness

  生命之源、万物之本 a place where nature regulated and adjusted its procedures

  登基 be crowned

  封禅祭拜 make pilgrimages to

  稳如泰山 as firm as Mount Tai

  重于泰山 as weighty as Mount Tai

  宣布 proclaim

  2017年大学英语六级翻译练习题(三):九寨沟

  九寨沟的山水风光,纵有万丽千奇,一旦离开原始的自然美,就一切都没有了。”他们的见解是精辟的。当你步入沟中,便可见树正群海荡漾生辉,瀑布舒洒碧玉。一到金秋,满山枫叶绛红。盛夏,湖山幽翠。仲春,树绿花艳…四时都呈现出它的天然原始,宁静幽深。

  译文参考:

  All the beauty of Jiuzhaigou is endowed by nature. If the natural charm were removed, there would be no more of Jiuzhaigou.Mystic lakes and sparkling waterfalls captivate your eyes as you enter the ravine.The trees are their greenest in spring when intensified by colorful flowers.In summer, warm tints spread over the hills and lakelands.As summer merges into autumn, the maple trees turn fiery-red, splashing color through the thickly forested hills. Tranquility pervades primitive Jiuzhaigou throughout the year.

  2017年大学英语六级翻译练习题(四):颐和园

  颐和园(the Summer Palace)位于北京西郊,始建于清朝,是中国规模最大、保存最完好的皇室园林(imperial garden)之一。1860年颐和园在战争中遭到严重破坏,1886年在原址重修。自1911年清王朝覆灭后,颐和园作为公园一直对外开放。颐和园主要由万寿山(Longevity Hill)和昆明湖组成,园内有宫殿、庙宇、长廊(long corridor)、石桥等100多处富有民族特色的古典建筑,被誉为“皇家园林博物馆”。颐和园内的人工景观与自然山峦、宁静的湖水和谐地融为一体,向游客展示了一幅优美的山水画卷。

  译文参考:

  Situated in the western suburbs of Beijing, the Summer Palace, originally constructed in Qing Dynasty, is one of the largest and best-preserved imperial gardens in China. It was badly damaged during the war in 1860 and was restored on its original site in 1886. Since Qing Dynasty collapsed in 1911, the Summer Palace has been open to the public as a park. Mainly composed of Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake, the Summer Palace is honored as the "Imperial Garden Museum", with more than 100 classical architectures of ethnic features inside the garden, such as palaces, temples, long corridors and stone bridges. The artificial landscape inside the Summer Palace is harmoniously combined with natural hills and peaceful lakes, displaying a beautiful picture of landscape to tourists.

  技巧点拨:

  1.第一句话中有三个分句,翻译成英文时可将“是中国规模最大、保存最完好的皇家园林之一”作为主干“位于北京西郊”和“始建于清朝”作状语和后置定语处理,使表达更简洁。

  2.“自1911年清王朝覆灭后”可译为 since the fall of Qing Dynasty in 1911或since Qing Dynasty collapsed in 1911,此处翻译采取了后一种译法。

  3.“颐和园主要…被誉为皇家园林博物馆”这句话很长,翻译时可以将最后一个分句“被誉为皇家园林博物馆”作为句子主干,前两个分句分别译作状语。其中,“由…组成”用过去分词短语表达,置于句首;“有…的古典建筑”则译为with引导的介词短语,进行补充说明。

  4.最后一句话中的“向游客展示了一幅优美的山水画卷”可以用现在分词短语作伴随状语,译成displaying a beautiful picture of landscape to tourists,使主次分明。


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