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英语六级翻译题练习及译文

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  改革后的大学英语六级增加了翻译部分的比重和难度,对学生的翻译水平有了更高的要求。为了提高大家的翻译技巧,下面是学习啦小编为大家带来英语六级翻译题练习及译文,希望对大家的备考有所帮助!

  六级翻译题原文:中国水运

  中国水运历史悠久。早在商朝就有了帆船。隋朝大运河(TheGrand Canal)为南北水运带来了很大便利。明朝时期,郑和七次下西洋,在其中一次航行中,他到达了非洲东海岸。中国河流众多,海岸线长,水运条件优越。长江是最重要的内陆航运(inland shipping)通道,其主流从四川宜宾到海洋,全长超过3000公里。重庆、武汉和南京是长江沿岸的重要港口。中国港口很多,适宜海运,如上海、大连、秦皇岛、天津、青岛、宁波、厦门、广州等。这些港口的航线能通往世界上150多个国家和地区。

  六级翻译题译文:

  China's water transport has a long history.Early inthe Shang Dynasty,there were sailing boats.TheGrand Canal in the Sui Dynasty provided greatconvenience for south-north water transport.Inthe Ming Dynasty,Zheng He sailed across seas seventimes and reached the east coast of Africa during one of his voyages.China has plenty ofrivers,a long coastline and advantageous water transport conditions.The Yangtze River is themost important inland shipping channel.Its mainstream,from Yibin in Sichuan Province to thesea,has a total length of over 3,000 kilometers.Chongqing,Wuhan and Nanjing are importantports along the river.China has fevorable conditions for maritime transport with manyharbors,such as Shanghai,Dalian,Qinhuangdao,Tianjin,Qingdao,Ningbo,Xiamen,Guangzhou andso on.There are shipping routes from these ports to over 150 countries and regions all over theworld.

  六级翻译题讲解:

  1.历史悠久:即“有着悠久的历史”,可译为has a longhistory。

  2.隋朝大运河:即the Grand Canal in the Sui Dynasty。

  3.南北水运:可译为south-north water transport。

  4.郑和七次下西洋:可译为Zheng He sailed across seasseven times。

  5.河流很多:可译为has plenty of rivers,或has a lot ofrivers,has lots of rivers。plenty of相当于a lot of或lots of,意为“很多的”。

  6.适宜海运:“适宜”理解为“有着有利的条件”,可译为has fovorable conditions。“海运”即“海上运输”,可译为maritime transport。其中maritime意为“海上的,航海的”。

  六级翻译题原文:环境与工业化

  中国是发展中国家中的大国,其工业化正在快速发展,环境问题也变得日益严峻,因此环境保护被国家视为一项基本国策。近年来,国家采取了很多措施来加强环境治理,如建立了世界著名的生态工程“三北防护林工程"(the Three-NorthShelter Forest Program)。此外,中国也在大力发展自然保护区,颁布了《环境保护法》(The law on Environmental Protection),加强环保意识和环保教育。目前,环境治理已取得明显成效,大部分城市环境和农业生态环境得到了很大改善,工业污染防治能力也大大提高。

  六级翻译题译文:

  China is a major developing country undergoing rapid industrialization. The environmental problem in China is getting more and more serious, thus environmental protection has been taken as one of the basic national policies by the government. In recent years, the government has taken lots of measures to improve the environment governance, such as carrying out the world famous ecological project“the Three-North Shelter Forest Program”.Moreover, China has been greatly developing the natural reserves.“The Law on Environmental Protection”has been issued to strengthen the awareness and education of environmental protection. Now, distinct achievements have been gained in environmental governance.The environment in most cities and the agricultural ecological environment around the country have been greatly improved.The capability of preventing and controlling industrial pollution has been highly enhanced.

  六级翻译题讲解:

  1.发展中国家中的大国:可译为a major developing country。

  2.变得日益严峻:可译为is getting more and more serious或is getting increasingly serious。

  3.三北防护林工程:即the Three-North Shelter Forest Program。

  4.自然保护区:译为natural reserves。

  5.颁布了《环境保护法》:《环境保护法》即“The Law on Environmental Protection'“颁布”可用issue—词表达。

  6.环境治理已取得明显成效:翻译该句时可使用被动语态,译为distinct achievements have been gained in environmental governance。

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