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大学英语六级翻译练习和答案

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  下面是学习啦小编整理的大学英语六级翻译练习和答案,希望对大家有帮助。

  【翻译原文】

  作为中国传统的民间艺术,吹糖人(Sugar Figure Blowing Art)历史悠久,然而 随着中国经济的发展,这一艺术正渐渐消失。据说这一民间艺术始于宋朝,当时被称为戏剧糖果(operacandy)。吹糖人以糖作为基本材料,糖人艺人用自己的方法熬 ft,然g吹或各种人物。艺人先把糖加热到适当的温度,然后拉一些糖稀(syrup)捏成一团,再用各种技巧做出不同的形状,并涂上鲜艳的颜色。这种艺术是手、眼、心、 呼吸和一定温度所需时间控制的真正结合。一项技术不过关,整个过程都会失敗。

  【参考译文】

  As a truditional Chinese folk art, the Sugar Figure Blowing Art have a long history. But it is gradually disappearing in the process of economic development in China. It is said that this folk drt was formed in the Song Dynasty; at that time it wan called opera candy. The Sugar Figure Blowing Art uses sugar as its basic material, and the artists have their own ways to boil sugar and blow it into various figures. Artists heat up sugar to proper temperature, then pull some syrup and knead it to a ball. Then they make different shapes by using different skills and paint bright colors on the figures. This art is really a combination of hand, eye, heart, breath, and the timing of temperature skill.If there is one skill you couldn’t perform well, the whole procedure will be a failure.

  解析:

  1.历史悠久:可译为have a long history.

  2.戏剧糖果:可译为opera candy.

  3.以糖作为基本材料:可译为uses sugar as its basic material。


 

  【翻译原文】

  每种文化都有自己的行为准则,中国也不例外。在中国,跟别人打招呼时,你或者点个头,或者微微鞠个躬。握手也很常见,但你要等到中国朋友先伸手才可以。另外,与西方社会的做法截然相反,中国人不太喜欢被陌生人触碰。所以不 要轻易地触碰别人,除非你完全有这样的必要。最后一点,根据儒家思想 (Confiicianism)的观点,老人在任何情况下都应该受到年轻人的尊敬。你应该总是以老人为先,并对他们表本最大的敬意。

  【参考译文】

  Every culture has its rules on how to act,and China is no different. In China,to greet someone, you nod your head,or you bow slightly. Handshakes are also common, but you should wait for your Chinese partner to initiate the motion. In addition,as opposed to those found in Western society,Chinese people do not enjoy being touched by strangers. Don’t touch someone unless you absolutely have to.Finally, from the perspective of Confucianism, the elders are to be respected in every situation by those who are younger. You should always acknowledge the elders first,and show the most respect to them.

  讲解:

  1.行为准则:有多种译法,如rules on how to act, rules of conduct或standard of behavior。

  2.中国也不例外:可译为China is no different或China is no exception。

  3.打招呼:即greet。

  4.截然相反:可译为as opposed to。

  5.在任何情况下:可使用短语in every situation表达。

  6.以老人为先:可译为acknowledge the elders first。


 

  【翻译原文】

  同一种动物在东西方不同的文化背景下所表达的含义不尽相同。在西方人眼里,蝙蝠就是一个邪恶、丑陋的吸血鬼(bloodsucker)。但是在我国南方,旧式住 宅的门上常常雕刻着蝙蝠,因为蝙蝠是好运、健康、财富、幸福的象征。西方人认 为孔雀走起路来总是趾高气扬,目中无人,头冠(crown)频频摆动,还不时开屏炫耀其美丽,这是“骄傲”、“虚荣”的表现。而中国人认为孔雀开屏是喜庆吉祥的象征,所以人们常用孔雀比喻美丽的人或事物。

  【参考译文】

  The same animal in different culture backgrounds between the East and the West respectively expresses different meanings. To the West, bats are evil, ugly bloodsucker; but in southern China, bats are often carved on the doors of the old houses, because they are symbols of fortune, health, wealth and happiness. Westerners generally believe that the peacock always walks around with her nose in the air, swinging its crown repeatedly, and shows off its beautiful tail frequently.These are signs of pride and vanity. In contrast,Chinese think it symbolizes joy and luck that the peacock spreads its tail. So people often compare the peacock to beautiful persons or things.

  解析:1.东西方不同的文化背景:可译为different culture backgrounds between the East and the West。

  2.上雕刻着:可译为被动形式be carved on…

  3.走起路来总是趾高气扬,目中无人:可简译为always walks around with her nose in the air。with one's nose in the air即有“目中无人地”意思。

  4.孔雀开屏:可译为 the peacock spreads its tail。

  5.用...比喻:可译为compare…to…

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