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大学英语六级翻译预热练习题

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  下面是学习啦小编整理的大学英语六级翻译预热练习题,希望对大家有帮助。

  【翻译原文】

  如今,中国正步入老龄化社会,因此独生子女一代面临着巨大的工作和生活压力。中国政府开始适当调整计划生育政策,允许一些家庭在特殊情况下生育二胎。但调查显示,很多夫妻迫于不断加重的经济压力,放弃生育二胎。因此,要从根本上解决老龄化的问题不能依靠出生率的上升,最有效的办法是建立有效的社会保障制度。

  【参考译文】

  Nowadays, China is stepping into the aging society. Therefore, the only-child generation is facing enormous pressure both from work and life. The Chinese government has begun to adjust the familyplanning policy and allows some families to have a second child under certain circumstances. However, the survey shows thatsome couples abandon to have a second child due to the increasing financial burden. Thus, in order to solve the aging problem,the basic thing is not relying on the increase of birth rate. The best solution is to establish an effective social security system.

  【重点词汇】

  步入 step into

  老龄化社会 aging society

  独生子女一代 the only-child generation

  巨大的 enormous

  调整 adjust

  计划生育政策 the family planning policy

  在特殊情况下 under certain circumstances

  由于,迫于 due to

  放弃 abandon 依靠 rely on

  出生率 birth rate

  有效的 effective

  社会保障制度 social security system

 

 

 

  【翻译原文】

  中国的官方语言普通话在美国的学校中突然热起来。由于中国经济在21世纪的快速发展,美国的公立和私立学校纷纷在外语课程中加入汉语这一科目,或将已有的汉语教学项目进行扩展。据统计,在美国的学校中,有5万名孩子在学习汉语。但推动汉语项目的发展不是没有遇到困难。由于缺乏受过专业训练、持有证书的教师,一些学校很难加入汉语教学的竞争。当学校聘用教师时,它们通常直接从中国招聘,这种方式为文化冲突埋下了隐患。

  【参考译文】

  Mandarin, the official language of China, is suddenly hot in American schools. With the rapid development of China’s economy in the 21th century,both public and private schools in America are scrambling to add Mandarin to their curricula of foreign languages or expandingChinese language programs already in place. By some estimates, as many as 50 000 children nationwide are taking Mandarinin American schools. To develop Chinese-language programs has met some difficulties. A shortage of professionally trained teachers with certificates has madeit difficult for some schools to join the competition. When schools need to employ teachers, they often recruit them fromChina directly, which is a hidden trouble for culture clash.

  【重点词汇】

  官方语言 official language

  普通话 Mandarin

  快速的 rapid 课程 curriculum (pl.curricula)

  已有的 in place

  缺乏 shortage

  受过专业训练 professionally trained

  证书 certificate

  招聘 recruit

  文化冲突 culture clash

 

 

 

  【翻译原文】

  华佗是中国东汉(the Eastern Period)和三国时期(the Three Kingdoms Period)著名的医生。他擅长各个医学领域,尤其是外科手术。他被后人称为“外科圣手”(Surgeon Master)”和“外科鼻祖(Founder of Surgery)”。他是一个受过良好教育的人,熟悉古典文学。然而,他拒绝了高官的推荐,决定做一名给老百姓治病的医生。他在开处方和治疗疾病方面技术精湛。此外,他的名字总是和外科手术相联系,因为他被认为是中国第一个外科医生。

  【参考译文】

  Hua Tuo was a renowned Chinese doctor during the Eastern Han Dynasty andthe Three Kingdoms Period. He was good at all fields of medicine,particularly at surgical operations. He was regarded as the “Surgeon Master” and the “Founder of:Surgery”,He was a well-educated man and was familiar with classical literature.However, he refused the recommendation by high officials,and decided to become a doctor to cure the diseases of the common people. He was highly skilled in writing out prescription and curing illness. In addition,his name is always mentioned in relation to surgeiy, as he was considered the first surgeon in China.

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