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Nowadays, China is stepping into the aging society. Therefore, the only-child generation is facing enormous pressure both from work and life. The Chinese government has begun to adjust the familyplanning policy and allows some families to have a second child under certain circumstances. However, the survey shows thatsome couples abandon to have a second child due to the increasing financial burden. Thus, in order to solve the aging problem,the basic thing is not relying on the increase of birth rate. The best solution is to establish an effective social security system.
步入 step into
老龄化社会 aging society
独生子女一代 the only-child generation
计划生育政策 the family planning policy
在特殊情况下 under certain circumstances
由于，迫于 due to
放弃 abandon 依靠 rely on
出生率 birth rate
社会保障制度 social security system
Mandarin, the official language of China, is suddenly hot in American schools. With the rapid development of China’s economy in the 21th century,both public and private schools in America are scrambling to add Mandarin to their curricula of foreign languages or expandingChinese language programs already in place. By some estimates, as many as 50 000 children nationwide are taking Mandarinin American schools. To develop Chinese-language programs has met some difficulties. A shortage of professionally trained teachers with certificates has madeit difficult for some schools to join the competition. When schools need to employ teachers, they often recruit them fromChina directly, which is a hidden trouble for culture clash.
官方语言 official language
快速的 rapid 课程 curriculum (pl.curricula)
已有的 in place
受过专业训练 professionally trained
文化冲突 culture clash
华佗是中国东汉(the Eastern Period)和三国时期(the Three Kingdoms Period)著名的医生。他擅长各个医学领域，尤其是外科手术。他被后人称为“外科圣手”(Surgeon Master)”和“外科鼻祖(Founder of Surgery)”。他是一个受过良好教育的人，熟悉古典文学。然而，他拒绝了高官的推荐，决定做一名给老百姓治病的医生。他在开处方和治疗疾病方面技术精湛。此外，他的名字总是和外科手术相联系，因为他被认为是中国第一个外科医生。
Hua Tuo was a renowned Chinese doctor during the Eastern Han Dynasty andthe Three Kingdoms Period. He was good at all fields of medicine，particularly at surgical operations. He was regarded as the “Surgeon Master” and the “Founder of:Surgery”，He was a well-educated man and was familiar with classical literature.However, he refused the recommendation by high officials，and decided to become a doctor to cure the diseases of the common people. He was highly skilled in writing out prescription and curing illness. In addition，his name is always mentioned in relation to surgeiy, as he was considered the first surgeon in China.