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秦始皇(Emperor Qin Shi Huang)统一各国后，修复、连接并扩展了先前各国修建的城墙，将其建成巨大的军事防御工程，东起辽东半岛(Liaodong Peninsula),西至临洮。这就是举世闻名的万里长城。长城是世界一大奇迹，由数百关隘(pass)、堡垒(fortress)、塔楼和城墙构成。每隔一定距离，就建一个烽火台，敌人接近时，发出警报。位于北京的八达岭长城、慕田峪长城和司马台长城都建于明朝时期。如今，长城每年都吸引着众多国内外游客前来参观。它不仅是艺术非凡的文物古迹，同时也是中华人民伟大力量与智慧的结晶。
After Emperor Qin Shi Huang united the separate states, he restored, linked up and extended the city walls built by the former states into huge military defensive works which started from the Liaodong Peninsula in the east and ended at Lintao in the west. This is the world-famous Great Wall. It is one of the important wonders of the world, consisting of hundreds of passes，fortresses, towers and walls. Beacon towers are built at certain intervals to give the alarm if enemies approach. The parts of the Great Wall situated at Badaling, Mutianyu and Simatai in Beijing were all constructed during the Ming Dynasty. Nowadays, the Great Wall attracts a great many tourists from home and abroad each year. It is an artistically extraordinary cultural relic and historic site as well as the crystalisation of Chinese people's great strength and wisdom.
泼水节(the Water-Splashing Festival)是傣族(the Dai minority)最隆重的传统节日。泼水节一般于公历四月中旬开始，持续3-7天。在傣族的历法中，泼水节就是新年。在云南省众多的少数民族节日中，泼水节影响力最大、参与人数最多。泼水节这一天，傣族人盛装打扮，带着清水到佛寺。他们首先为大佛(Buddha)沐浴，接着开始互相泼水，以此带来好运、快乐和健康。你被泼的水越多，你得到的幸运将越多，你的生活将越幸福。傣族人也邀请其他少数民族和游客共同庆祝泼水节。
The Water-Splashing Festival is the mostceremonious traditional festival of the Daiminority. It usually begins in mid-April of the solarcalendar, lasting three to seven days. The Water-Splashing Festival is the New Year on the Daicalendar,and also a festival with the largest influence and maximum participating populationamong lots of minority festivals in Yunnan Province. During this festival,Dai People will getdressed up and carry clean water to the Buddhist temple.They will first take a shower for theBuddha and then begin to splash water with each other for bringing good luck, joy and health.The more water you are splashed, the more luck you will have, and the happier you will be. DaiPeople will also invite people from other ethnic minorities and tourists to celebrate the festivaltogether.
诸葛亮是中国古代杰出的政治家，军事家。作为遁世(recluse)之人,诸葛亮致力于学习知识，其智慧之名广为流传。刘备曾三顾茅庐，请求诸葛亮相助。诸葛亮为刘备详细分析局势，建议刘备与孙权联手对抗曹操。刘备采纳了他的建议，在赤壁之战(Battle of the Red Cliff)中挫败曹操、称帝后不久，刘备去世。临终时，刘备代表儿子刘婵将蜀国江山托付给诸葛亮。诸葛亮对内广泛推行改革，纳贤臣，提高农业生产，加强灌溉工程，强调军队纪律，很快就帮蜀国克服重重危机。
Zhuge Liang was a brilliant politician andstrategist in ancient China.Being a recluse, ZhugeLiang devoted himself to acquiring knowledge, andhis reputation of wisdom spread widely.Liu Bei oncevisited Zhuge Liang three times to ask for hisassistance.Zhuge Liang analyzed the situation in detail for Liu Bei, and recommended that heand Sun Quan should fight against Cao Cao hand in hand.Liu Bei adopted his suggestion anddefeated Cao Cao in the Battle of the Red Cliff.Not long after being the emperor of Shu, Liu Beipassed away.Before Liu Bei died, he entrusted the state power of Shu to Zhuge Liang on behalfof his son,Liu Shan.Zhuge Liang carried out widespread domestic reforms, employing peoplewith ability, improving agricultural production and construction of irrigation works, andstressing discipline in the army，which helped Shu overcome a series of crises soon.