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  Directions:In this section,there is a passage with ten blanks.You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage.Read the passage through carefully before making your choices.Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  Questions 37 to 45 are based on the following passage.

  The typical preindustrial family not only had a good many children,but numerous other dependents as well—grandparents,uncles,aunts and cousins.Such “extended” families were suited for survival in slow paced 36societies.But such families are hard to__37___.They are immobile.

  Industrialism demanded masses of workers ready and able to move off the land in pursuit of jobs,and to move again whenever necessary.Thus the extended family 38 shed its excess weight and the so called “nuclear” family emerged—a stripped—down,portable family unit___39___0nly of parents and a small set of children.

  This new style of family, far more___40___than the traditional extended family,became the standard model in all the industrial countries.Super-industrialism,however, the next stage of ec0—technological development,___41___ even higher mobility.Thus we may expect many among the people of the future to carry the streamlining process,a step further by remaining children,cutting the family down to its more___42___components,a man and a woman.Two people,perhaps with matched careers,will prove more efficient at navigating through education and social status,through job changes and geographic relocations,than the ordinarily child—cluttered family.A___43___maybe the postponement of children,rather than childlessness.Men and women today are often torn in___44___between a commitment to career and a commitment to children.In the future,many___45___will side aside this problem by deferring the entire task of raising children until after retirement.



  36.【解析】 J。此处应填形容词,修饰名词societies。文章第一句就说The typical pre-industrial family…“工业化之前的典型家庭模式……”,也就是“extended” family,存在于工业化之前的社会,即agricultural society。选项中的primary society“原始社会”不符合原文意思。

  37.【解析】A。由be hard to do sth.可知,此处应填动词原形。根据They are immobile“这样的家庭很 难流动”,可知只有transplant“迁居,迁移”符合文意。

  38.【解析】C。此处应填副词,修饰动词shed。选项中的副词有gradually和continually,原文中…and the So-called “nuclear” family emerged“所谓的‘核心家庭’便出现了”,emerge意为“浮现”,强调经过一 个过程后出现的。由此可以判断核心家庭从无到有逐渐出现,而不是连续不断地出现,故选择gradually。

  39.【解析】O。此处需填表示“包含,由……组成”的词。选项中的including和consisting均可以表示此意, 但由原文中的of可排除includin9,consist of为固定搭配。

  40.【解析】H。由more…than可知,此处应填形容词,构成形容词的比较级结构。前面提到the traditional extended family是immobile,那么新型的家庭模式应该更具有流动性,故应选H。

  41.【解析】M。此处缺少谓语动词。根据下文可以推测super-industrialism“(更发达的)超级工业化”需要更具流动性的家庭。空格处应填表示“需要,需求”的词。故选requires,表示出自一种迫切的需要 而提出的要求。


  43.【解析】L。此处应填名词。晚要孩子,而不是不要孩子,是解决工作和孩子的折中的办法,故选项中的L)compromise“妥协,折中”符合文意。而solution虽然也表示解决办法,但不能表达夫妇们 无可奈何的心情,故排除。




  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a let. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.

  Britain is not just one country and one people; even if some of its inhabitants think so. Britain is, in fact, a nation which can be divided into several  (36)  parts, each part being an individual country with its own language, character and cultural  (37) . Thus Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales do not claim to (38) to "England" because their inhabitants are not (39) "English". They are Scottish, Irish or Welsh and many of them prefer to speak their own native tongue, which in turn is (40) to the others.

  These cultural minorities (少数名族) have been Britain's original inhabitants. In varying degrees they have managed to (41) their national characteristics, and their particular customs and way of life. This is probably even more true of the (42) areas where traditional life has not been so affected by the (43) of industrialism as the border areas have been. The Celtic races are said to be more emotional by nature than the English. An Irish temper is legendary. The Scots would rather (44) about their reputation for excessive thrift and prefer to be remembered for their folk songs and dances, while the Welsh are famous for their singing. The Celtic (45) as a whole produces humorous writers and artists, such as the Irish Bernard Shaw, the Scottish Robert Bums, and the WelshDylan Thomas, to mention but a few.

  A) incomprehensible

  B) temper

  C) remote

  D) separate

  E) understandable

  F) forget

  G) generally

  H) temperament

  I) preserve

  J) strictly

  K) traditions

  L) reserve

  M) growth

  N) apply

  O) belong


  36.【解析】 D。此处应填形容词,修饰名词parts。文章首句即提出观点Britain is notjust one country and one people“英国不只是一个国家和一个民族”,又从后文的divided int0,each part以及individual corn.时可知英国被分成几个分离的部分,选项中只有separate表达了这个意思,故D正确。

  37.【解析】 K。此处应填名词。选项中有四个词temper temperament,traditions和growth,能和language和character并列且能被cultural修饰只有traditions,其他几个名词不符合文意。

  38.【解析】 0。此处应填动词原形。前文中说明英国被分成独立的几部分,各自保留自己的文化传统;后文中“because…”说明苏格兰、北爱尔兰以及威尔士的居民不承认自己是“English”,说明他们并不承认自己属于“England”,故这里应该选择belon9。apply也可以和t0连用,但apply t0表示“将……应用于”,不符合上下文意思。

  39.【解析】 J。此处应填形容词或副词修饰English。选项中的副词有generally和strictly,文中要表达的意思是因为这几个部分都有自己的语言和文化传统,所以严格来说,他们不是“English”,但他们都属于English。故strictly符合文意。generally“一般地,大体地”放在原文意义上不够严谨。三个形容词不能使语义通顺。

  40.I解析l A。此处应填形容词。从前文中“prefer to speak their own native tongue”,即苏格兰语、爱尔兰语和威尔士语,而这些语言对the others来说是陌生的,听不懂的。那么就不难从选项中的in come.sensible和understandable中选择前者,故incomprehensible“不能理解的”正确。

  41.【解析】I。由manage t0结构可知此处要填的是动词原形。选项中的动词原形还有forget,preserve,re.serve和apply。从下文中“traditional life has not been SO affected”可知他们成功地保留了自己的传统,排除forget和apply;reserve和preserve都有“保留”的意思,前者指存留起来以派别的用场,后者指想办法保持原样,强调抵制破坏因素,故preserve符合文意。

  42.【解析】C。此处应填形容词修饰areas。从后文“where traditional life has not been SO affected by the…of industrialism…人们的传统生活受工业化……的影响没有那么大的地方”可以推知,这些地方是比较偏远的地方,选项中的remote。偏僻的,遥远的”符合上下文意思。

  43.【解析】 M。此处应填名词。border area“边界地区”的工业化发展比remote area要快,所以此处要填的词是表示上升、增长的词,表示工业化的发展,选项9rowth“增长,发展”符合上下文意思。

  44.【解析】F。此处应填动词原形。would rather和prefer意思相同,表示“宁愿”的意思。前面说的是过分节俭的坏名声,后面说的是宁愿让人记住他们的民歌与舞蹈。所以填入动词的意思应该与remember意思相反,选项中的forget符合上下文意思。

  45.【解析】 H。此处应填名词。选项中剩下的名词还有temper和temperament。前者指脾气,指情绪上的主要特征,后者指特征、气质,尤指带感情色彩的个性和在社交上的个性。这里指的是整个凯尔特民族的特征,故temperament正确。







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