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英语四级考试选词填空训练题及答案解析

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  英语四级的选词填空是考生普遍得分率低,需要考生有较扎实的词汇基础和训练良好的阅读能力。下面学习啦小编为大家带来英语四级考试选词填空训练题,供考生备考练习。

  英语四级考试选词填空训练题(一)

  Worried about what people are saying about you? Concerns about gossip could influence behavior, including generosity, researchers said.

  "As it turns out, the act of gossip can indeed be quite powerful," said Jared Piazza of Queen's University in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

  Piazza and Jesse M. Beringa studied the (36) of 72 college students who were asked to distribute tokens (代金券) with a monetary value between themselves and someone else.

  Half of the group were (37) told their decision would be discussed with a third party.

  "Participants who were told that the receiver would be communicating their economic decision with the third party were (38) more generous in their allocations of the tokens than participants who were not (39) to believe that their decisions would be discussed," Piazza and Beringa said in the study published in the journal Human Behavior.

  They added that the most (40) strategy from an economic standpoint would have been for a student to (41) all 10 tokens to him or herself, but the threat of gossip seemed to have (42) their decision.

  Although gender did not play a major role in the study, men were slightly more (43) than women.

  "Allocations of males were, on average, slightly greater than allocations of females, although there were almost twice as many female participants," the researchers(44).

  A previous study showed that gossip is more powerful than truth, suggesting people believe what they hear through the grapevine even if they have evidence to the(45).

  A.added

  B.beneficial

  C.swayed

  D.fabricated

  E.reactions

  F.made

  G.still

  H.significantly

  I.allocate

  J.thought

  K.contrary

  L.also

  M.generous

  N.led

  O. economical

  英语四级考试选词填空训练题答案

  36.E

  语法判断:空格前面是studiedthe,空格后是of,故应填入名词。

  语义判断:备选项中可以确定为名词的只有reactions,另外还有一个词thought,它既可作名词,也可以作动词的过去式。根据语义判断,只有reactions符合语义。故正确选项为E。

  37.L

  语法判断:除去空格,句子非常完整,语法上没有句子成分欠缺。因此,空格中所填词汇应当不是句子的主干成分,即不是主、谓、宾,而是句子的补充成分,最有可能是副词。

  语义判断:备选项里副词有:still、significantly和also。从上下文语义进行判断,此句意为:“这些大学生中的一半人还被告知他们的分配结果会被第三方讨论。”因此.正确选项应为also。

  38.H

  语法判断:除去空格,这个句子从语法上讲也很完整。因此,空格中所填词汇可能也是副词。

  语义判断:该句大意为:“被告知分配结果会被第三方知道的人,比那些未被告知的人明显要慷慨得多。”备选项中的副词只剩下still和significantly,综合考虑,significantly更符合语义上的要求。

  39.N

  语法判断:空格前面是were not,后面是动词不定式结构,从语法上判断,此处可能为形容词,也可能为被动语态(即填入过去分词)。

  语义判断:备选项中的形容词有:beneficial、contrary、generous和economical,后接to believe都不合

  适。可能为过去分词的有:added、swayed、fabricated、made、thought、led。根据语义判断,ted最合适,且lead与to为惯用搭配。

  40.B

  语法判断:空格前为themost,后面为strategy,故应填入形容词。

  语义判断:备选项中的形容词有:beneficial、contrary、generous和economical。根据句意,正确答案应为beneficial,即指“最有利的”分配策略。

  41.I

  语法判断:空格前是for a studentto,空格后是alllotokens,因此从语法上来讲,不定式后应填入动词原形。

  语义判断:备选项中的动词原形只有allocate。此句意为:“研究人员还补充道,从经济角度考虑,最有利的分配策略是把所有10个代金券都分给自己……”。

  42.C

  语法判断:空格前是seemed to have,空格后是their decision,语法上要求空格内填入过去分词。

  语义判断:备选项中可能为过去分词的还有:added、swayed、fabricated、made和thought。sway one’s decision为惯用搭配,意为“影响某人的决定”,符合本句句意。故选C。

  43.M

  语法判断:空格前是more,空格后是than,这是一个比较结构,因此空格中应填入形容词。

  语义判断:备选项中形容词还有:contrary、generous和economical,本句意为:“尽管性别差异不是该项研究的重点,但男性比女性还是要略微慷慨一些。”因此,generous为正确选项。

  44.A

  语法判断:空格后句子已结束。空格前是the researchers,再往前是一个直接引用的句子,也就是theresearchers所说的话。

  语义判断:此句意为:“研究人员补充说:‘尽管参与该研究的女性数量几乎为男性的两倍,但平均来看,男性分给他人的代金券还是要略多于女性。”’因而added最符合句意。

  45.K

  语法判断:空格后面全文结束,因此语法线索在前,前面是the,在这种情况下空格中最可能是名词,但语法中亦有“me+形容词”表示名词的情况,如:me rich(富人)、the disabled(残疾人)等。

  语义判断:此句意为:“此前的一项研究表明,流言比事实更有威力。这意味着人们更容易相信小道消息,即使他们掌握了事实相反的依据。”可见此处应为the contrary。

  英语四级考试选词填空训练题(二)

  The social network will let users“mute”messages from other users on their timelines without the muted person’s knowledge,thereby avoiding the(36)__________

  process of having to unfollow(取消关注),or put up with,your(37)__________talkative IRL friends.Twitter rolled out new(38)__________to let users better manage the deluge(泛滥)of tweets they receive.

  Users can now“mute”people they follow,removing those people’s tweets and retweets from their own timelines.The muted person won’t know that he or she has been(39)__________.It’s a stealthy way to read less content from certain users without having to unfollow them.A person can easily be muted or(40)__________at

  any time,Twitter said in a blog post.

  “Mute gives you even more(41)__________over the content you see on Twitter by letting you remove a user’s content from key parts of your Twitter experience,”the company said.

  Though Twitter had been experimenting with the feature in recent weeks,it announced that muting will be(42)__________to all users of the company’s iOS and Android apps,as well as   the Twitter.com website.Some other Twitter applications,like TweetDeck,already allowed muting.

  The feature is part of Twitter’s(43)__________strategy to make its service more accessible to a wider range of people.Following a successful initial public offerin9,Twitter’s stock has tumbled in recent months as investors worry about the social network’s(44)__________to attract new users.CEO Dick Costolo(45)__________that Twitter would make changes to its interface this year to make it easier to understand and manage.The company overhauled(彻底检修)user profile pages in April as part of this effort.

  A.silenced

  B.awkward

  C.unmvted

  D.feature

  E.embarrassment

  F.unfollowed

  G.control

  H.extremely

  I.overall

  J.vowed

  K.generally

  L.ability

  M.accepted

  N.available

  O.characters

  英语四级考试选词填空训练题答案

  B H D C G N I L J

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