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Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is readfor the first time，you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read forthe second time，you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have justheard. Finally，when the passage is read for the third time，you should check what you havewritten.
According to American law, if someone is accused of a crime, he is considered ___26___ untilthe court proves the person is guilty.
To arrest a person, the police have to be reasonably sure that a crime has been ___27___. Thepolice must give the suspect the reasons why they arc arresting him and tell him his rightsunder the law. Then the police take the suspect to the police station, where the name of theperson and the ___28___ against him arc formally listed.
The next step is for the suspect to go before a judge. The judge decides whether the suspectshould be kept in jail or ___29___. If the suspect has no previous criminal record and thejudge feels that he will return to court ___30___ run away. he can go free. Otherwise, thesuspect must put up bail(保释金). At this time, too, the judge will ___31___ a court lawyerto defend the suspect if he can’t afford one.
The suspect returns to court a week or two later. A lawyer from the district attorney’s officepresents a case against the suspect. The attorney may present ___32___ as well aswitnesses. The judge then decides whether there is enough reason to ___33___.
The American justice system is very complex and sometimes operates slowly. However, everystep is ___34___ to protect the rights of the people. These individual rights are the ___35___of the American government.
Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select oneword for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read thepassage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified bya letter. Please mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through thecentre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.
Global warming is a trend toward warmer conditions around the world. Part of the warming isnatural; we have experienced a 20,000 -year -long warming as the last ice age ended and theice 36 away. However, we have already reached temperatures that are in 37 with otherminimum-ice periods, so continued warming is likely not natural. We are 38 to a predictedworldwide increase in temperatures 39 between 1℃ and 6℃ over the next 100 years. Thewarming will be more 40 in some areas, less in others, and some places may even cool off.Likewise, the 41 of this warming will be very different depending on where you are—coastalareas must worry about rising sea levels, while Siberia and northern Canada may become morehabitable (宜居的) and 42 for humans than these areas are now.
The fact remains, however, that it will likely get warmer, on 43 , everywhere. Scientists are ingeneral agreement that the warmer conditions we have been experiencing are at least in partthe result of a human-induced global warming trend. Some scientists 44 that the changes weare seeing fall within the range of random (无规律的) variation—some years are cold, otherswarm, and we have just had an unremarkable string of warm years 45 —but that is becomingan increasingly rare interpretation in the face of continued and increasing warm conditions.
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it.Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs Identify the paragraphfrom which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Eachparagraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 2.
The End of the Book?
The question of whether our government should promote science and technology or theliberal arts in higher education isn’t an either/or proposition(命题)，although the currentemphasis on preparing young Americans for STEM(science, technology, engineering, maths)-related fields can make it seem that way.
The latest congressional report acknowledges the critical importance of technical training, butalso asserts that the study of the humanities (人文学科)and social sciences must remain centralcomponents of America’s educational system at all levels. Both are critical to producing citizenswho can participate effectively in our democratic society, become innovative(创新的)leaders, and benefit from the spiritual enrichment that the reflection on the great ideas ofmankind over time provides.
Parents and students who have invested heavily in higher education worry about graduates’ jobprospects as technological advances and changes in domestic and global markets transformprofessions in ways that reduce wages and cut jobs. Under these circumstances, it’s natural tolook for what may appear to be the most “practical” way out of the problem “Major in a subjectdesigned to get you a job” seems the obvious answer to some, though this ignores the factthat many disciplines in the humanities characterized as “soft” often, in fact, lead to employmentand success in the long run. Indeed, according to surveys, employers have expressed apreference for students who have received a broadly-based education that has taught them towrite well, think critically, research creatively, and communicate easily.
Moreover, students should be prepared not just for their first job, but for their 4th and 5thjobs, as there’s little reason to doubt that people entering the workforce today will be calledupon to play many different roles over the course of their careers. The ones who will do thebest in this new environment will be those whose educations have prepared them to beflexible. The ability to draw upon every available tool and insight—picked up from science,arts, and technology—to solve the problems of the future, and take advantage of theopportunities that present themselves, will be helpful to them and the United States.
56. What does the latest congressional report suggest?
A) STEM-related subjects help students find jobs in the information society.
B) The humanities and STEM subjects should be given equal importance.
C) The liberal arts in higher education help enrich students’ spiritual life.
D) Higher education should be adjusted to the practical needs of society.
57. What is the main concern of students when they choose a major?
A) Their interest in relevant subjects.
B) The academic value of the courses.
C) The quality of education to receive.
D) Their chances of getting a good job.
58. What does the author say about the so called soft subjects?
A) The benefit students in their future life.
B) They broaden students’ range of interests.
C) They improve students’ communication skills.
D) They are essential to students’ healthy growth.
59. What kind of job applicants do employers look for?
A) Those who have a strong sense of responsibility.
B) Those who are good at solving practical problems.
C) Those who are likely to become innovative leaders.
D) Those who have received a well-rounded education.
60. What advice does the author give to college students?
A) Seize opportunities to tap their potential.
B) Try to take a variety of practical courses.
C) Prepare themselves for different job options.
D) Adopt a flexible approach to solving problems.
Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.
Energy independence. It has a nice ring to it. Doesn’t it? If you think so, you’re not alone,because energy independence has been the dream of American president for decades, andnever more so than in the past few years, when the most recent oil price shock has been partlyresponsible for kicking off the great recession.
“Energy independence” and its rhetorical (修辞的) companion “energy security” are,however, slippery concepts that are rarely though through. What is it we want independencefrom, exactly?
Most people would probably say that they want to be independent from imported oil. Butthere are reasons that we buy all that old from elsewhere.
The first reason is that we need it to keep our economy running. Yes, there is a trickle(涓涓细流)of biofuel(生物燃料)available, and more may become available, but most biofuels causeeconomic waste and environmental destruction.
Second, Americans have basically decided that they don’t really want to produce all their ownoil. They value the environmental quality they preserve over their oil imports from abroad.Vast areas of the United States are off-limits to oil exploration and production in the name ofenvironmental protection. To what extent are Americans really willing to endure theenvironmental impacts of domestic energy production in order to cut back imports?
Third, there are benefits to trade. It allows for economic efficiency, and when we buy thingsfrom places that have lower production costs than we do, we benefit. And although you don’tread about this much, the United States is also a large exporter of oil products, selling about 2million barrels of petroleum products per day to about 90 countries.
There is no question that the United States imports a great deal of energy and, in fact, relies onthat steady flow to maintain its economy. When that flow is interrupted, we feel the pain inshort supplies and higher prices, At the same time, we derive massive economic benefits whenwe buy the most affordable energy on the world market and when we engage in energy tradearound the world.
61. What does the author say about energy independence for America?
A) It sounds very attractive. C) It will bring oil prices down.
B) It ensures national security. D) It has long been everyone’s dream.
62. What does the author think of biofuels?
A) They keep America’s economy running healthily.
B) They prove to be a good alternative to petroleum.
C) They do not provide a sustainable energy supply.
D) They cause serious damage to the environment.
63. Why does America rely heavily on oil imports?
A) It wants to expand its storage of crude oil.
B) Its own oil reserves are quickly running out.
C) It wants to keep its own environment intact.
D) Its own oil production falls short of demand.
64. What does the author say about oil trade?
A) It proves profitable to both sides. C) It makes for economic prosperity.
B) It improves economic efficiency. D) It saves the cost of oil exploration.
65. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?
A) To justify America’s dependence on oil imports.
B) To arouse Americans’ awareness of the energy crisis.
C) To stress the importance of energy conservation.
D) To explain the increase of international oil trade.
Part Ⅳ Translation (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese intoEnglish. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.