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历年英语四级翻译题练习

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  在大学英语四级考试中,第六大题就是翻译题,该题分值虽然不重,但却是对学生英语知识掌握的全面考查。下面是学习啦小编为大家整理的历年英语四级翻译题练习,供大家分享。

历年英语四级翻译题练习

  历年英语四级翻译题练习:打麻将

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  打麻将(mahjong)有时被描述成现实生活的翻版,既需要策略,也需要运气。 在中国玩麻将通常还需要下或大或小的赌注(bet)。一个世纪前,麻将主要是富人的消遣(pastime),但如今已被认为是大众游戏。麻将在20世纪20年代引人美国,一股麻将热潮随之而来。学习打麻将最好的方式是与朋友坐在一起,让他们示范玩一次,把麻将牌面向上,看大家怎么玩。

  参考翻译:

  Playing mahjong, which is sometimes described as ametaphor of real life, needs a mix of strategies andluck. Typically in China,it also involves placing largeor small bets.A century ago,it was mainly a pastimefor wealthy people,but today it is considered agame of the people. When it was first introduced to the U.S.A. in the 1920s,a craze ofmahjong ensued The best way to learn playing mahjong is to sit with friends and ask them toplay a demonstration game: ask them to turn their pieces upwards and watch what everybodyis doing.

  历年英语四级翻译题练习:中医

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  中医(Traditional Chinese Medicine)的范畴很广,包括一系列具有相同基本概 念的医学实践。这个概念起源于中国古代,已经历了数千年的发展。中医诊法包 括把脉(measure the pulse),检查舌头、皮肤、眼睛,以及询问饮食、睡眠习惯和其他方面。中医蕴含的理念及其复杂性向研究中医如何奏效的研究者提出了挑战。这些研究大多数集中在针灸(acupuncture)和中药等特定形式的疗法上。

  参考翻译:

  Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) includes a broadrange of medicine practices sharing common basicconcept which originated in ancient China and has:evolved over thousands of years. TCM diagnosisincludes measuring the pulse,inspecting the tongue,skin, eyes and asking about the eating and sleeping habits of :the patient as well as many otherthings. TCM's complexity and underlying conceptual foundations present challenges forresearchers seeking evidence on how it works. Most researches focus on specific treatmentmodalities, primarily I acupuncture and Chinese herbal remedies.

  历年英语四级翻译题练习:汉字

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  汉字有成千上万个,尽管其中的大多数差别很细微,且只在历史文献中出现过。研究表明,日常使用的汉字大概有三至四千个。大多数早期汉字是象形字(pictographs),用简单的图画来代表字,但现代汉字中象形文字已经很少了。许多现代汉字是两个或两个以上简单文字的组合。汉字也可以因为其线条和点的排列组合方式被看成是一门抽象艺术(abstract art)。

  参考翻译:

  There are tens of thousands of Chinesecharacters,though most of them are only slightlydifferent from each other and only seen in historicaldocuments.Studies show that normally three to fourthousand characters are used on a daily basis.Most ofearlier Chinese characters were pictographs-simple pictures used to mean words, but fewmodern Chinese characters are pictographs.Many modern Chinese characters are acombination of two or more simple characters.Chinese characters may also be considered to bean abstract art because of how the characters are made up of lines an

  1.汉字有成千上万个,尽管其中的大多数差别很细微,且只在历史文献中出现过:“成千上万”可译为tens of thousandsof; “差别很细微”即“细微区别于”可译为slightly differentfrom;“出现过”的意思也就是“被人们看见”,因此可以译为seen,用过去分词形式表示被动。

  2.许多现代汉字是两个或两个以上简单文字的组合:“…的组合”可译为combination of...。

  3.汉字也可以因为其线条和点的排列组合方式被看成是一门抽象艺术:该句中 “因为其线条和点的排列组合方式”可译为由how引导的名词性从句,即because of how the characters...;“被看成是”可译为beconsidered to be, consider常构成以下词组:consider as(认为)、repeatedly consider(再三考虑)。


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